2017年成人高考 专升本《政治》答案(网友版)

  • 发布时间:2017-11-07 11:20:00
  • 来源:广东成人高考网
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半岛网数字报:Peopleattendthe"ILoveEurope"marchwhichwascalledtocelebratethe60thanniversaryoftheTreatyofRomeinWarsaw,Poland,onSaturday.[Photo/Agencies]Citingdata,someBelgianmediaoutletshavereportedthatChineseinvestorsinBelgiumhavecreatedupto18,500jobsforlocalresidents.AndonaverageoneChineseinvestorhascontributed€1million($1.08million)inrevenue,reflectingthehighproductivityandprofit-makingcapabilityofChineseinvestment.SomeCentralandEasternEuropeancountriesarefacinglaborshortagespartlybecauseofgrowingChineseinvestmentinmanufacturingandtheendofEuropeanUnion'seconomicstagnation.Inthepastfiveyears,Huawei,forexample,hascreatedupto12,000jobsintheEU.Lastweek,BelgiumandHungarybecamefull-timemembersoftheChina-ledAsianInfrastructureInvestmentBank,whichmeansone-thirdofthebank's70membersarefromEurope.AndthedevelopmentpathoftheAIIBsuggestscooperationamongmemberswilldeepentobringAsia,EuropeandAfricacloser.ButdespitetheEUmarkingits60thanniversary,itsleadersareinasombermood,asEuropeanCommissionPresidentJean-claudeJunckerputit,becauseoftheUnitedKingdombeginningtheformalprocesstoleavetheEUandtheuncertaintiescreatedbytheUnitedStatesadministrationunderPresidentDonaldTrump.AftertheEC'srecentdecisiontoassessChina'sinvestmentactivitiesintheEUmorestrictly,somemembersoftheEuropeanParliamenthavealsoproposedthatforeigninvestmentinEuropeshouldbecloselymonitoredin"strategicsectors"suchasenergy,waterandtelecommunications.ManyobserverssaythemoveistargetedatChina,whereEUbusinesses,accordingtoEuropeanpoliticians,don'thavethesameaccessthatChineseenterprisesdoinEurope.ThepoliticiansevenclaimthatEUinvestmentinChinaisfalling.Thefactis,Europeaninvestors,alongwithotherforeigninvestors,arenowbeingtreatedonparwithdomesticinvestorsinChinaafterhavingenjoyedpreferentialtreatmentforthreedecadessincethebeginningofreformandopening-up.AndsincetheEU'saccumulatedinvestmentinChinaisalreadyhuge,itisnaturalforittomaintainthatlevelorevenfallslightly.Asfarasexpandingbusinessandinvestmentoverseasisconcerned,EuropeisanoldhandwhileChinaisanewcomerifonegoesbythetwosides'tradinghistory.Giventhefacts,perhapsthisistherighttimeforChinaandtheEUtodiscusstradedifferencesandmakepolicydecisions.TheunderstandinginBrusselsnowisthatBeijingispromotingglobalizationandtheworldneedstosupportit.Aspartofitscommitmenttoglobalization,Chinahasbeenencouragingoverseasinvestmentandofferingpublicgoods.However,despiteitshistoryofstrengtheningregionalintegration,theEU,manysuspect,isshowingsignsofresortingtoprotectionismostensiblytoprotectEuropeanenterprisesandproducts.It'sanothermatter,though,thatmanyEuropeanbusinessesandmemberstatesdon'tsupportit.AdvocatingglobalizationisnottheresponsibilityofChinaalone.TheEUandtheUSandotherglobalplayersshouldpromoteglobalizationmoreintenselythanChina.TheChina-EUpartnershipisunique,astheyworkmorecohesivelyduringhardtimes,butnotnecessarilyduringnormaltimes.AcarefulexaminationoftheinteractionsandexchangesbetweenBeijingandBrusselsduringtheglobalfinancialanddebtcriseswillprovethecontention.Howevertruethatmaybe,thepriorityfortheEUnowistotakeswift,decisiveandstrategicmeasurestoidentifynewareas-China'sgrowinginvestmentforexample-tohelptheBrussels-Beijingpartnershiptoovercometheodds.Moreimportantly,theEUshouldrealizethattakingahardlineagainstChineseproductsandinvestmentatthiscriticaltimewouldbeabigmistake.Thereasonissimple:morejobsandbetterlivelihoodswillmakemoreEuropeans,especiallythoseyouthsstrugglingtoearnadecentliving,havemoreconfidenceintheEUasaneconomicunion.TheauthorisdeputychiefofChinaDailyEuropeanBureau.fujing@chinadaily.com.cn

  政治辨析题  


42、治理民族基本政策是各民族平等,团结和共同繁荣


网友版答案:正确。理由:中国共产党解决我国民族问题的基本原则是各民族平等、团结和共同繁荣。民族区域自治是解决我国民族问题的基本政策,是党根据马克思列宁主义关于民族问题的基本原理,结合我国是一个统一的多民族国家的实际情况,制定的有中国特色的民族政策。其基本内容是:坚持民族平等和民族团结的原则,主张民族不论大小、不论先进或落后,都应该一律平等,互相团结;大力培养少数民族干部,实现少数民族干部队伍的革命化、年轻化、知识化和专业化;大力帮助少数民族加速经济、文化的发展,逐渐消除历史上遗留下来的民族间的不平等。


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